As any other monitoring system Nagios can produce false alarms. Usually it happens when Nagios fails to get the reply from the host being monitored during some pre-defined timeout. In order to mark service as down Nagios does three checks and if all of them… Read More »Fix socket timeouts in Nagios
Nfsen is open source sensor: it accepts netflow data from multiple netflow probes (servers, routers, vpn concentrators etc) and then visualizes it into human readable form. So using Nfsen you can see traffic statistics of every network device in your network in one place (actually Nfsen provides much more features).
By default Nfsen makes it possible to see only inbound and outbound traffic statistics but no protocol breakdown or any traffic classification. In the meantime it’s always useful to know what network applications are eating the bandwidth to understand if that fits baseline or not and take necessary actions. For example, if you’re monitoring Linux server which primary task is to host some website but in Nfsen you see that it generates 90% of SSH traffic and only 10% of web traffic then it would be reasonable idea to check if somebody is trying to brute force SSH password and stop that activity. In other words it’s better to have traffic statistics classified. In this article I’ll tell you how to enable traffic classification in Nfsen.
The term “Ubuntu” hails from South Africa and is defined as “humanity or kindness”… The meaning of this word is the whole philosophy behind the operating system named after it — Ubuntu. The company of Ubuntu believes that software should be available free of charge,… Read More »A Few Reasons to Love Ubuntu [Guest Post]
Some time ago I found it pretty useful to configure Nagios monitoring system to send me a phone call in case of some critical problem. If some mission critical application goes down at night most probably you’ll miss an e-mail or sms notifying about that… Read More »Phone call as Nagios notification
Some of you may well be younger than Linux, some of you may have grown up with the OS, and some of you, more ancient ones, may well remember thinking that this stuff is going to ‘blow the bloody doors off’ as Michael Caine put… Read More »Linus Torvalds — The Facts You Didn’t Know
The Implementing Cisco IP Routing (CCNP Route 642-902). Materials for efficient preparation to the exam.
A few days ago I have successfully passed 642-902 exam (CCNP ROUTE v6) and would like to share the list of materials I have been using to prepare to that exam. To get prepared I was using official Cisco Press training resourses, lab simulations and… Read More »The Implementing Cisco IP Routing (CCNP Route 642-902). Materials for efficient preparation to the exam.
There is Cisco router of 7200 series with 4 FastEthernet interfaces (FE) and 2 serial ports. It should act as load balancer and failover for LAN connected to it via one FE 1/0 interface while two identical Internet connections are going to FE 0/0 and… Read More »Cisco Load Balancing with Failover setup example
Using nfsen it is possible to view IP traffic statistics on Linux interfaces including the graphs showing data sent and received (see the screenshot to the right) as well as historical information about all data transfers. So after you’ve configured nfsen and nfdump to monitor… Read More »Install nfdump and nfsen netflow tools in Linux
By default an average Linux distribution allows applications to use the following TCP port range for outgoing connections: 32,786-65,536. That’s why your system can handle up to 28,232 TCP sessions at time. Notice, this is more than enough if your Linux system is installed on… Read More »Quick Tip: Increase port range available for applications
Today I’d like to describe setup of sendmail that allows to establish receiving of e-mails for certain domain and sort incoming messages between virtual users. Those users must be able to fetch received e-mails via POP3 or IMAP protocols with or without TLS encryption. The… Read More »Sendmail for virtual users with procmail, spamassassin and dovecot