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How to Run an SQL File in MySQL (or MariaDB) on Linux/Ubuntu

How to Run a SQL File in MySQL/MariaDB on Linux/Ubuntu

Here is an article outlining several methods for running SQL files in MySQL on Linux/Ubuntu. Whether you’re installing a package, following a tutorial, or restoring a backup – it’s useful to be able to execute an SQL script from a file and have it do all of the work for you, rather than having to type it all out. Most GUI database managers have a simple import option prominently displayed in the menu bar – so here’s how to do it from the command line … Read more

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How to Use the MySQL/MariaDB COUNT Function, With Examples

MySQL Count

This quick article will demonstrate how to use the MySQL/MariaDB COUNT function to count the number of records returned by a query. MySQL/MariaDB COUNT Function Syntax COUNT(query) Note that: query can be an SQL query or a string representing a column name Null values found by the query will not be counted The COUNT function will return the number of matching records for a query and should be combined with the SELECT statement to output the result. Example Data The below examples use the following … Read more

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The MySQL/MariaDB DELETE Statement – How to Use It

MySQL Delete

Being able to delete data from a table in a database is a pretty important thing – This article will show you how it’s done in MySQL/MariaDB. MySQL DELETE Statement Syntax In its basic usage, the DELETE operator is used in conjunction with a WHERE query to delete records matching that query: DELETE FROM table WHERE query; Note that: table is the table you wish to delete records from query is the query that defines the conditions records should match to be deleted Safety First! Please … Read more

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How to List/Show Users in MySQL/MariaDB

MySQL Show List Users

This short article will show you how to list all of the users on your MySQL server. MySQL Users and Permissions MySQL databases usually have access granted to only certain users, each with their own permissions limiting what they can and can’t do on that specific database. As there are often multiple databases on a server, there will be several user accounts – some for different databases, some from different hosts – so it’s useful to be able to list them all out quickly. Command … Read more

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How to Update Records – MySQL UPDATE Statement

MySQL Update

This article will show you how to use the MySQL/MariaDB UPDATE statement to update existing database records. MySQL/MariaDB UPDATE Syntax The syntax for the MySQL UPDATE statement requires the use of two keywords, UPDATE, and SET, and is as follows: UPDATE table SET column = value WHERE conditions; Note that: table is the name of the table which contains the records to be updated column = value defines which column to update and what the new value for that column should be Multiple column/value pairs can be defined, separated by a … Read more

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How to Use MySQL ‘alias’ to Make Queries Easier to Read

MySQL Alias

This article will explain and demonstrate the use of aliases in MySQL (and MariaDB). MySQL queries can get pretty gnarly – especially if you’re selecting multiple columns from multiple tables. An alias statement is a great tool for simplifying these queries. An alias is just another name for the column or table in question, which you can use to refer to the column or table by. It’s a nickname that can be used to quickly refer to something complex to save time when writing queries. MySQL Column Alias … Read more

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Limit Column Values With The MySQL CHECK Constraint [Examples]


This article will demonstrate the usage of the SQL CHECK Constraint to limit column values, as used in MySQL/MariaDB. The SQL CHECK constraint allows you to define limitations to the value which can appear in a table column. It also allows you to apply constraints to a whole table, letting you restrict a column’s values based on the values of other columns in the table row. This behavior is useful for making sure you are only getting valid data inserted into your database. For example, you might … Read more

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Default MySQL/MariaDB Port, Finding It, Changing It

Changing the MySQL Port

This article will show you how to find the default or current MySQL (or MariaDB) port and how to change it. What is a Port? A port is a numerical identifier for a communication endpoint on a computer network. Or, put simpler, it’s a unique number on your computer that points to a specific program that is running so that other programs can connect to it. MySQL/Maria DB, being networked database services, expose themselves to other computers via a configured port, allowing other computers to connect to and … Read more

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Copy a Table in MySQL/MariaDB – How To, With Examples

Mysql MariaDB Copy Table

This article will show you the BEST way to copy a table, with or without the data in it, in MySQL and MariaDB. Copying the Table with All Data in MySql The following code will copy a table including all data using the CREATE TABLE LIKE statement: CREATE TABLE new_table_name LIKE database_name.old_table_name; INSERT new_table_name SELECT * FROM database_name.old_table_name; There are other methods, some single line, but this is probably the best and simplest one. Why did I choose this method? Because it copies the table … Read more

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Merge Tables in MySQL (UNION/MERGE TABLES) – Tutorial

MySQL Merge Tables

There are one of two things you might be looking for – merging two MySQL tables, or the MERGE TABLE syntax – this article explains both, with examples. Merging Tables in MySQL (Moving Data From One Table Into Another) A note before I get to the code – if you’re moving data from one table to another, you should take into account the contents of the data and ensure that it will still be valid when merged with the second data set. This is particularly important if … Read more