FAQ: How to change Duplex and/or Auto-Negotiation NIC settings in Linux?

Q: How to disable auto-negotiation option of my network interface card and set up half/full duplex mode manually from Linux command line (CLI)? By the way, how to see current settings?
A: There are several Linux utilities coming with almost any distribution including Debian, Ubuntu, Fedora, RedHat, Mandriva, Centos whatever. See details below.


This is rather powerful utility can display and change settings of ethernet network interface card. You can easily disable/enable autonegotiation option for your NIC, also it’s possible to manually set up duplex mode, configure wake-on-lan options, set speed settings. Just look through full manual page for ethtool. Here are several ethtool usage examples:

ethtool eth0 – shows current NIC settings

Settings for eth0:
        Supported ports: [ TP MII ]
        Supported link modes:   10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
                                100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full
        Supports auto-negotiation: Yes
        Advertised link modes:  10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
                                100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full
        Advertised auto-negotiation: No
        Speed: 10Mb/s
        Duplex: Half
        Port: MII
        PHYAD: 32
        Transceiver: internal
        Auto-negotiation: off
        Supports Wake-on: pumbg
        Wake-on: d
        Current message level: 0x00000007 (7)
        Link detected: yes

ethtool -s eth0 duplex half autoneg off – disables auto-negotiation, enables Half Duplex.
ethtool -s eth1 duplex full speed 1000 autoneg off – disables auto-negotiation, enables Falf Duplex and sets up Speed to 1000 Mb/s.


According to manual it allows to manipulate and see media-independent interface status. Let’s see examples:

bash-3.1# mii-tool eth0
eth0: negotiated 100baseTx-FD, link ok
– shows 100 Mbps speed, Full Duplex, Auto-negotiation is on.
bash-3.1# mii-tool eth0 -F 10baseT-HD – enables 10 Mb/s Half Duplex connection.

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Stefan Durand

My name is Stefan, I'm the admin of LinuxScrew. I am a full-time Linux/Unix sysadmin, a hobby Python programmer, and a part-time blogger. I post useful guides, tips, and tutorials on common Linux and Programming issues. Feel free to reach out in the comment section.

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